Clonal Selection and Persistence in Dysplastic Barrett’s Esophagus and Intramucosal Cancers After Failed Radiofrequency Ablation

McDonald, PhD, Centre for Tumor Biology, John Vane Science Centre, Charterhouse Square, London EC1 M 6BQ, UK. E-mail: Received 15April2013; Accepted 8July2013 Advance online publication 13August2013 OBJECTIVES: Radiofrequency ablation (RFA) is used to successfully eliminate Barrett’s esophagus (BE)-related dysplasia or intramucosal carcinoma and aims to cause reversion to squamous epithelium. However, in 20% of cases RFA fails to return the epithelium to squamous phenotype. Follow-up studies show a similar dysplasia recurrence rate. We hypothesize that failed RFA is due to clonally mutated epithelial populations harbored in RFA-privileged sites and that RFA can select for the mutant clonal expansion. METHODS: A longitudinal case series of 19 patients with BE and high-grade dysplasia or intramucosal carcinoma were studied. DNA was extracted from individual Barrett’s glands, deep esophageal glands within mucosal resections and biopsy specimens before and after RFA. Mutations were identified by targeted sequencing of genes commonly mutated in Barrett’s adenocarcinoma. RESULTS: Five patients demonstrated persistent post-RFA pathology with persistent mutations, sometimes detected in deep esophageal glands or neighboring squamous epithelium after several rounds of RFA preceded by mucosal resection. Recurrence of pathology in three other patients was characterized by de novo mutations. CONCLUSIONS: Protumorigenic mutations can be found in post-ablation squamous mucosa as well as in mutant deep esophageal glands; both are associated with dysplasia recurrence. Following RFA, non-dysplastic Barrett’s epithelium can contain mutant clones that are found in a subsequent adenocarcinoma. Ablation may also drive the clonal expansion of pre-existing clones after a bottleneck created by the RFA. Overall, recurrence of dysplasia post RFA reflects the multicentric origins of Barrett’s clones and highlights the role of clonal selection in carcinogenesis. Main navigation

next page


Leave a Reply

Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in: Logo

You are commenting using your account. Log Out /  Change )

Google+ photo

You are commenting using your Google+ account. Log Out /  Change )

Twitter picture

You are commenting using your Twitter account. Log Out /  Change )

Facebook photo

You are commenting using your Facebook account. Log Out /  Change )


Connecting to %s

%d bloggers like this: